Periodontics is a specialized branch of dentistry that focuses on the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of conditions related to the supporting structures of the teeth, such as the gums, bone, and periodontal ligament. The supporting structures are collectively known as the periodontium.
More About Periodontics
Periodontists are dental professionals who have undergone additional education and training beyond general dentistry to become specialists in periodontics. They are experts in managing various periodontal diseases and conditions, including:
Gingivitis: A mild form of gum disease characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums.
Periodontitis: A more advanced form of gum disease where the infection spreads beneath the gum line, leading to the destruction of bone and connective tissue.
Gum Recession: When the gum tissue pulls away from the teeth, exposing the tooth roots.
Periodontal Abscess: A painful collection of pus in the gum tissues or tooth root due to a bacterial infection.
Periodontal Plastic Surgery: Procedures aimed at improving the appearance of the gum tissue, such as gum grafts and reshaping.
Dental Implant Placement: Periodontists are often involved in the surgical placement of dental implants to replace missing teeth.
Bone Grafting: Procedures to regenerate bone in areas where it has been lost due to periodontal disease or tooth extraction.
Scaling and Root Planing: A deep cleaning procedure to remove plaque and tartar from below the gum line and smooth the root surfaces to promote healing.
Maintenance Therapy: Regular check-ups and cleanings to monitor and manage periodontal health after treatment.
It’s essential to maintain good oral hygiene practices, including regular dental check-ups and cleanings, to prevent and manage periodontal diseases effectively. If you experience symptoms such as swollen or bleeding gums, loose teeth, bad breath, or any other concerning oral health issue, it is essential to seek the expertise of a periodontist or a general dentist. They can provide appropriate diagnosis and treatment to help you maintain healthy teeth and gums.
Frequently asked Questions
A periodontist is a dental specialist who focuses on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases and conditions that affect the supporting structures of the teeth, such as gums, alveolar bone, and periodontal ligament. They are experts in treating periodontal (gum) diseases and may perform various surgical procedures related to the gums and bone.
To become a periodontist, a dentist must complete dental school and then undergo an additional three years of specialized training in periodontics. During this training, they receive extensive education in diagnosing and treating gum diseases, performing periodontal surgeries, dental implants, and other related procedures.
You should consider seeing a periodontist if you experience any of the following symptoms or conditions:
Persistent bad breath
Red, swollen, or bleeding gums
Gum recession or sensitivity
Loose teeth or changes in your bite
Pus between your teeth and gums
Changes in the fit of dentures or dental restorations
Periodontists offer a range of services related to gum health and dental implants, including:
Non-surgical treatments for gum disease (scaling and root planing)
Surgical treatments for gum disease (flap surgery, bone grafts)
Dental implant placement and restoration
Gum grafting for receding gums
Crown lengthening for cosmetic and restorative purposes
Treatment of gum abscesses and other gum-related issues
Periodontal treatments are generally performed under local anesthesia to minimize discomfort during the procedures. Post-operative discomfort can vary depending on the type of treatment, but periodontists take measures to ensure patients are as comfortable as possible during the healing process.
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