At Invivo Hospitals in Bangalore, Medical gastroenterology is a specialized branch of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of disorders and diseases affecting the digestive system and related organs. Gastroenterologists are medical doctors who specialize in this field and have expertise in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of conditions that affect the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, which includes the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine (colon), liver, gallbladder, and pancreas.
Digestive Disorders: Gastroenterologists diagnose and treat a wide range of digestive disorders such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) including Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, and celiac disease.
Liver Diseases: Gastroenterologists manage various liver conditions such as hepatitis (including hepatitis B and C), fatty liver disease, cirrhosis, and liver tumors.
Pancreatic Diseases: Disorders of the pancreas, including pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer, fall under the purview of gastroenterology.
Gastrointestinal Cancers: Gastroenterologists are involved in the detection and management of GI cancers, including esophageal, stomach, liver, pancreatic, and colorectal cancers.
Endoscopy: Endoscopic procedures are commonly performed by gastroenterologists. These include colonoscopy (examination of the colon), upper endoscopy (examination of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine), and endoscopic ultrasound.
Diagnostic Testing: Gastroenterologists utilize various diagnostic tools such as imaging studies, blood tests, and biopsies to determine the cause of gastrointestinal symptoms and diseases.
Nutritional and Dietary Management: Gastroenterologists may provide guidance on dietary modifications and nutritional support for patients with GI disorders.
Lifestyle Counseling: Gastroenterologists often provide advice on lifestyle modifications to help manage conditions such as obesity, GERD, and IBS.
Medication Management: Gastroenterologists prescribe and manage medications to alleviate symptoms and manage chronic conditions.
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