At Invivo Hospitals in Bangalore, Pulmonology, also known as respiratory medicine or pulmonary medicine, is a medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of disorders related to the respiratory system. This field encompasses a wide range of conditions affecting the lungs and the respiratory tract, including the airways, the lung tissue, and the blood vessels associated with breathing.
Pulmonologists are medical doctors who specialize in pulmonology. They are trained to diagnose and treat a variety of respiratory conditions, ranging from common issues like asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to more complex and rare disorders. Some of the key areas within pulmonology include:
Asthma: A chronic condition characterized by inflammation and narrowing of the airways, leading to symptoms like wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): An umbrella term that includes conditions such as chronic bronchitis and emphysema. It’s characterized by airflow obstruction and difficulty breathing.
Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD): A group of disorders that cause inflammation and scarring of the lung tissue, leading to breathing difficulties and reduced lung function.
Pneumonia: An infection of the lung tissue that can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or other microorganisms.
Lung Cancer: Malignant growths in the lung tissue, often caused by smoking or exposure to environmental toxins.
Pulmonary Hypertension: High blood pressure in the arteries of the lungs, which can lead to strain on the heart and respiratory difficulties.
Sleep Apnea: A condition characterized by interruptions in breathing during sleep, leading to poor sleep quality and daytime fatigue.
Pulmonary Embolism: A blockage in the pulmonary artery, usually caused by a blood clot that has traveled from another part of the body, often the legs.
Cystic Fibrosis: A genetic disorder that leads to the production of thick, sticky mucus that can block airways and cause respiratory infections.
Occupational Lung Diseases: Conditions caused by exposure to harmful substances in the workplace, such as asbestos, coal dust, and various chemicals.
Pulmonologists use a combination of medical history, physical examination, imaging studies (like chest X-rays and CT scans), lung function tests, and sometimes invasive procedures like bronchoscopy to diagnose and manage respiratory conditions. Treatment approaches can include medications, lifestyle changes, breathing exercises, pulmonary rehabilitation, and in some cases, surgical interventions.
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